The Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines are different for men and women. Women have a greater risk of developing certain alcohol-related illnesses, like breast cancer, stroke, diabetes, liver disease and high blood pressure. The main reasons for this include:
- Women have lower levels of the enzymes that break down alcohol, so it stays in their system longer.
- Women have less water in their bodies to dilute alcohol.
- Women have more fat, which means that alcohol takes longer to leave their bodies.
- Women generally weigh less than men, and those who weigh less generally reach higher blood alcohol levels than those who weigh more.